Common factors related to runaway behavior…
— older youth (14-17) are more likely to run than younger
— females are more likely to run than males
— youth more often run from congregate care type facilities like RTCs than from foster or kinship homes
— youth with alcohol and other substance abuse problems are more likely to run
— most youth are gone only a week or less, while a sizable proportion are gone for more than a month, especially among older youth
— the likelihood that a youth who has run will run again is relatively high, particularly during the period immediately after return to care
Crosland & Glen Dunlap – 2015 survey of research
Human Trafficking defined…
— labor trafficking: when an individual performs labor or services through the use of force, fraud, or coercion
— sex trafficking: when an individual of any age performs sex acts through the use of force, fraud, or coercion in exchange for compensation
— child sex trafficking: when an individual under 18 years of age performs sex acts in exchange for compensation
— does not require use of force, fraud, or coercion
— a minor (anyone under 18 yrs old) cannot legally consent to a commercial sex act
— customers (those who pay for sex) with a minor may be charged with sex trafficking of a minor regardless of whether or not they knew the trafficking victim’s age
— Sex trafficking is the fastest growing business of organized crime, and the third-largest criminal enterprise in the world.
— Child victims are a particular concern. The average age at which girls first become victims of prostitution is 12 to 14, according to several studies.
— Traffickers are increasingly active on social media, which they use to target victims and advertise to customers.
Child Sex Trafficking impacts…
— girls — any race
— boys — any economic level
— lgbtq — any education level
However, CST disproportionately impacts those that are young, financially poor, youth of color, girls, immigrant, and/or LGBTQ.
National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC)